Undervalued Classics: Michael Curtiz’s 'King Creole' (1958)
Curtiz had an astounding directorial career, helming well over 150 productions. His most well known film is of course 'Casablanca' (1942), but he worked exceedingly well in many genres including comedy ('We're No Angels' 1955), heavy drama ('Mildred Pierce' 1945) and musicals ('Yankee Doodle Dandy' 1942). Curtiz, in fact, worked in nearly every conceivable genre throughout his long career, and he did well in all of them.
'King Creole' got its start as a rather heavy-handed novel by 'Carpetbaggers' mastermind Harold Robbins entitled 'A Stone For Danny Fisher'. The book sold fairly well on its release and was quickly optioned for a film version. The character in the Robin's original work was a boxer, and the producers had it in mind to make it a vehicle for a young actor named James Dean. After Dean's tragic death, the name Marlon Brando was thrown around but the choice was finally made to turn the film into a musical and cast the young star who had turned the entertainment field completely on its head in the fifties, Elvis Presley.
Presley had only made three films when he stepped in front of Curtiz's camera, and they had all been critical duds but popular smashes. Acting wise, he had began to show a lot of flare in both 'Loving You' and 'Jailhouse Rock' (1957) and Curtiz immediately saw that there was something strong he could work with.
Joining Presley was an incredible supporting cast that included Dolores Hart, Carolyn Jones, Dean Jagger, Vic Morrow and a young actor named Walter Matthau as the New Orleans crime boss Maxie Fields.
Shot on location in New Orleans with style to spare by Curtiz with talented black and white Oscar nominated cinematographer Russell Harlan by his side, 'King Creole' is a stunningly beautiful movie to watch. Its rich black and white tones are a tribute to a very particular style of film making that is sadly rarely seen anymore.
Everything about the film is first rate. The script is rich if slightly melodramatic and the performances are all strong. The set design by Sam Comer and Frank McKelvy is superb and has a stylish realism to it that is particularly noteworthy. The costumes by Edith Head are refreshingly controlled through much of the film, but are strikingly provocative on Carolyn Jones and the strippers in the New Orleans nightclub that Danny sings in.
The film opens with one of the most memorable introductory shots in all of American cinema. Curtiz's camera pans down a virtually deserted French Quarter path filming various singing street vendors, before we see Elvis walking out on his balcony singing Crawfish with one of them (the talented Kitty White). It is an amazingly vivid and bold sequence that mixes stark realism and celebratory fantasy that doesn't feel quite like anything else before or since. The film is filled with those kinds of special moments ... from Fisher's first memorable meeting with Maxie to a touching scene where he takes Nellie (Hart) out on a riverboat to show her where he was from. It is an intensely personal little dramatic film that just so happens to be a major Hollywood musical as well.
And what a musical ... the songs are all top notch and Curtiz wisely elects to have the songs played on stage for the most part. The couple of sequences where he breaks this rule are well done, organic and believable. There isn't anything overtly fantastical about the musical parts of 'King Creole', except in how fine they are.
Curtiz's direction is quite splendid.
He allows the scenes to play out and breathe, and his shooting style is commanding. Watch the way he expertly handles the mugging sequence of Danny's father, or the perfect way Elvis is framed from a slight distance when he breaks the bottle to protect Carolyn Jones from Maxie's thugs.
'King Creole' is a really expertly directed film by a very old pro. The cast is especially good and it is to their credit that 'King Creole' doesn't feel nearly as dated as many other 'youth' pictures from this period. Walter Mattheau is particularly good as a gangster not big enough to be untouchable but just big enough to be really dangerous. Carolyn Jones and Dolores Hart are both heartbreakingly sublime in their roles and Liliane Montevecchi is very memorable in a smaller role as one of the dancers.
It all falls back onto Elvis though ... and in the most demanding role of his career he is really very good. He delivers a performance with a lot of depth and soul that is made all the more impressive when one considers how young and inexperienced he was. Curtiz liked him a lot, as did the cast. Mattheau was especially impressed and would later say, 'He [Elvis Presley] was an instinctive actor ... He was quite bright ... he was very intelligent ... He was not a punk. He was very elegant, sedate, and refined, and sophisticated'. The critics were even impressed and Elvis garnered mostly excellent reviews. Watching how good Elvis is in this makes his later film career (despite its pleasures and value) all the more disappointing.
'King Creole' opened up in the summer of 1958 to strong business and mostly good reviews. Curtiz was proud of the film and predicted Elvis Presley would become a great actor. The iconic director would go onto finish an impressive six films before passing away in 1961. Hart, Jones, and especially Mattheau would all go onto to be stars in their own right. Had Elvis not gone in the army right after finishing 'King Creole' there is no telling what might have happened with his film career. He did though, and then momentum from 'King Creole' was all but lost. When he returned he made two dramatic films that would nearly equal his work for Curtiz, 'Flaming Star' and 'Wild In The Country', but those films would be relative popular failures. Despite making several fine films in the sixties, Elvis Presley never again had the chance to work with a director as great as Curtiz or shine as an actor like he had in 'King Creole'. It really is one of the great losses in Hollywood history.
'King Creole' is available on DVD with a nice widescreen transfer but little else. Film fans that look upon it as just another 'Elvis film' are really missing out. It is a really finely directed and performed work from a period in Hollywood history often overlooked. Fifty years after it was first released, 'King Creole' deserves a serious reappraisal. A new book : King Creole, The Music (book + CD, Aug 8 2010) is due for release this week with 200-page book with images exclusively designed to complement the music from the film. It consists of two main sections; the recording sessions on January 16, 1958 and song scenes from the filming of the movie (including behind-the scenes shots). The images are classic and well-known shots with the majority being previously unpublished and taken by the original still photographers on the set (no freeze-frames).
Recorded at Radio Recorders Studios, 7000, Santa Monica Boulevard, Hollywood. January 1958.
King Creole - Paramount 1958
Directed Michael Curtiz
Writing Credits Harold Robbins (Novel), Herbert Baker (Screen play)
Producer Hal Wallis
Technical Advisor: Colonel Tom Parker
Cast Overview: Elvis Presley .... Danny Fisher, Carolyn Jones .... Ronnie, Walter Matthau .... Maxie Fields, Dolores Hart .... Nellie, Dean Jagger .... Mr. Fisher, Liliane Montevecchi .... Forty Nina, Vic Morrow .... Shark, Paul Stewart .... Charlie LeGrand, Jan Shepard .... Mimi Fisher, Brian Hutton .... Sal, Jack Grinnage .... Dummy, Dick Winslow .... Eddie Burton, Hazel Boyne .... Woman Who Asks For Water, Raymond Bailey .... Mr. Evans
Jeremy Richey is a student at W.K.U. who earned his English Degree and is working towards another in History.
He has a lifelong interest in film and music.
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Tupelo's Own Elvis Presley DVD + 16 page booklet.
Never before have we seen an Elvis Presley concert from the 1950's with sound. Until Now! The DVD Contains recently discovered unreleased film of Elvis performing 6 songs, including Heartbreak Hotel and Don't Be Cruel, live in Tupelo Mississippi 1956. Included we see a live performance of the elusive Long Tall Sally seen here for the first time ever.
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